CBD, or Cannabidiol, is a cannabinoid found highly concentrated in some hemp and cannabis strain plants. There are well over 100 cannabinoids that have been identified in hemp and cannabis. Of all the known cannabinoids, CBD is simply one with the most promising results in treating a variety of symptoms while being non-intoxicating. CBD is commonly used to address anxiety, and for patients who suffer through the misery of insomnia, studies suggest that CBD may help with both falling asleep and staying asleep.
CBD from hemp is exactly the same compound as CBD found in cannabis, but because of the affordability of industrial hemp, CBD derived from hemp is significantly more affordable than its counterpart. Plus, the level of THC, the intoxicating component of cannabis, is at miniscule levels of concentration in hemp and even that is removed in our THC free products.
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a biological system composed of endocannabinoids (cannabinoids produced by the body) and the receptors they bind to; cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) and cannabinoid receptor type 2 (CB2). The endocannabinoid system has been shown to be involved in the regulation of a number of physiological, cognitive and other processes throughout the human body.
In simpler terms, it is the system responsible for maintaining cellular homeostasis throughout the body by using and processing your body’s naturally produced cannabinoids and any other cannabinoids that may be consumed.
These receptors are found throughout your body. Endocannabinoids bind to them in order to signal that the ECS needs to take action. There are two main endocannabinoid receptors:
CB1 receptors, which are mostly found in the central nervous system
CB2 receptors, which are mostly found in your peripheral nervous system, especially immune cells
Endocannabinoids can bind to either receptor. The effects that result depend on where the receptor is located and which endocannabinoid it binds to.
For example, endocannabinoids might target CB1 receptors in a spinal nerve to relieve pain. Others might bind to a CB2 receptor in your immune cells to signal that your body’s experiencing inflammation, a common sign of autoimmune disorders.
Cannabinoids are a group of chemical compounds that are most commonly found in–but not exclusive to—cannabis. In addition to being produced naturally by the human endocannabinoid system, cannabinoids have also been found in other botanical sources, including hops and varieties of Echinacea. At least 113 cannabinoids have been isolated from cannabis and characterized, with two of the most notable ones being cannabidiol (CBD) tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Broad and Full Spectrum have had many meanings in common day use, however how they apply to the CBD industry have been taken to mean the following:
Broad Spectrum - is the presence of a broad range of cannabinoids in any product that are similar to the profile found in the hemp plant that it was derived from, minus the presence of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Broad spectrum products retain the majority of the natural benefits of the plant while concentrating them into an easy to use product and protecting our clients from possibly having any intoxicating effects of THC.
Full Spectrum – is the presence of the exact profile of cannabinoids of the hemp or cannabis plant that the product was derived from, including any amount of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Meaning, every cannabinoid that was present in the plant before extraction, is present in the final product and in the same ratios that were found in the plant. Full spectrum products retain all the natural benefits of the plant while concentrating them into an easy to use product.
CBD Isolate is a highly refined and purified version of CBD that is 99.99% pure CBD. It has its uses, however you lose a lot of the possible benefits of the hemp plant by bypassing the many other cannabinoids present. Isolate is typically much cheaper and completely THC free. At H2 Botanix, we do not offer isolation as we feel CBD products should contain the same makeup as the hemp plant found in nature. We offer a THC free version of these compounds as our alternative to having to take CBD isolate products due to concerns of ingesting THC.
CBD is naturally found in hemp plants as Cannabidolic Acid (CBDA), which is a very similar analogue of CBD. There are slight differences in the effects of CBDA and CBD, however the main difference is that CBD is more active then CBDA. Meaning that the body more readily and efficiently absorbs CBD after it has been “decarboxylated” and has dropped its carbon molecule transforming it into CBD. Decarboxylation is the process of removing this carbon molecule from CBDA by heating the material to approximately 110C (230 F) and turning it into CBD.
Hemp Seed oil and Hemp oil are often confused. Hemp Seed Oil is derived from hemp seeds, where the seeds are processed and refined into an oil similar to coconut oil or grapeseed oil. Hemp seeds contain non-detectable levels of cannabinoids and are used as a dietary supplement and nutritional product. Hemp oil is derived primarily from the flowers of the hemp plant. Hemp Seed oil has no noticeable therapeutic value due to the lack of any present cannabinoids. So be careful when doing your research!
Hemp derived CBD can currently be shipped to and bought in all 50 states and over 30 countries around the world. The 2018 Farm Bill removed hemp-derived CBD from the federal list of controlled substances, but it comes down to a state by state basis on how they regulate it. We recommend you check with local government officials, customs office, or law enforcement for the most up to date answer to this question. All H2 Botanix comply with the federal hemp bill and our state regulations, however we cannot give definitive answers for every state and country in the world. This answer should not be considered legal advice and we highly recommend you check with the previously mentioned regulating bodies about legality in your area.
Though all H2 Botanix products comply with the federal and state limit of 0.3% THC on a dry weight basis in all our products and our broad spectrum products contain undetectable levels of THC, this does not mean it is impossible to test positive on a drug test. Every drug test is different and some are more strict than others. H2 Botanix holds no liability for any positive results on a drug test. We highly recommend you consult your company or simply avoid using CBD products if this is a concern for you.